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Scientists analyze the main reasons for a stroke
Stroke is a dangerous and sudden brain disease. Often, a stroke leads to a permanent failure of some functions of the central nervous system. A large study now showed that nine out of ten strokes would be avoidable if people followed certain health guidelines.
Many people still believe that strokes are inevitable. Scientists from McMaster University in Canada now found that nine out of ten strokes could actually be avoided if people took better care of their health and, for example, stopped drinking alcohol and smoking cigarettes. The doctors published the results of their study in the journal "The Lancet".
Every year, 270,000 Germans suffer a stroke
In the UK alone there are around 152,000 strokes each year. However, doctors suspect that about 138,000 of these strokes could be avoided. This could mean that the lives of around 48,000 sick people could also be saved, the experts say. There are even about 270,000 strokes in Germany every year. More than 80 percent of those affected are over 60 years old. But there are ten simple rules that can help us avoid stroke.
Ten rules to avoid stroke:
1. Lower your blood pressure.
2. Exercise and make sure you exercise enough.
3. Eat healthy foods.
4. Pay attention to a healthy body weight.
5. Prevent diabetes.
6. Lower your cholesterol.
7. Drink little or no alcohol.
8. Stop smoking.
9. Avoid all stress.
10. If necessary, use preventive medication for cardiac arrhythmias.
Hypertension is the most important risk factor that can be influenced
Of all the risk factors, lowering blood pressure has the greatest impact. A healthy blood pressure could prevent about half of all strokes, the doctors explain. The results of the study confirmed that ten modifiable risk factors are associated with around 90 percent of all strokes - regardless of how old the women and men are, explains Dr. Martin O'Donnell from McMaster University. Hypertension (high blood pressure) is the most important influenceable risk factor and the key to the global reduction of strokes.
High blood pressure increases the risk of stroke by almost 48 percent
High blood pressure increases the risk of stroke by as much as 47.9 percent, lack of physical activity by 23.3 percent and unhealthy eating increases the risk by 18.6 percent, the Canadian scientists explain. Independent other studies have already shown that increasing air pollution significantly increases the risk of stroke. But the majority of all strokes are based on common, modifiable risk factors. The current study is crucial because it analyzed health data from many countries, the researchers say.
Aspirin can prevent a severe stroke
Another important piece of advice in the event of a severe stroke is to take aspirin immediately. Take the aspirin as soon as you notice the first signs of the stroke, the doctors advise. Some time ago, the experts from the internationally recognized Oxford University discovered in their research that early aspirin can reduce the risk of a severe stroke by up to 80 percent. So aspirin could prevent many serious strokes.
Further research could save many additional lives
The results of the new investigation clearly show that additional research needs to be carried out to identify further causes and to find treatment methods for a stroke. This could reduce the number of people who die from a stroke, the authors say. (as)